What is Website?

A website comprises numerous web pages, each constructed using HTML (HyperText Markup Language). To ensure global accessibility, a website must be stored on a computer connected to the Internet 24/7, known as a Web Server.

These web pages are interconnected through hyperlinks and hypertext, sharing a unified interface and design. In addition to textual content, a website may feature supplementary files such as images, videos, or other digital assets. In the pervasive realm of the Internet, websites cater to diverse causes and purposes, functioning as digital environments that disseminate information, provide solutions, and facilitate interactions among people, places, and things in alignment with the organization's objectives.

Components Required To Create A Website:

1.     Webhost: The physical location where the website is stored. A group of linked web pages is officially recognized as a website only when hosted on a web server. The web server transmits files to user computers upon specifying the website's address.

2.     Address (URL): The unique identifier of a website. Users input the address or URL into a web browser to access the desired website, which is then delivered by the web server.

3.     Homepage: The initial webpage visible to visitors upon entering the website. It plays a pivotal role in establishing the website's aesthetic and guiding viewers to other pages.

4.     Design: The overall visual and functional aspect of the website resulting from the integration of elements like navigation menus, graphics, layout, and design features.

5.     Content: The collective information presented across all web pages, constituting the substance of the website. High-quality content enhances the effectiveness and attractiveness of the website.

6.     Navigation Structure: The arrangement of pages and interconnected links, typically facilitated by a navigation menu.

How to Access Websites?

When a user inputs a URL into a browser's search bar, the browser requests the page from the web server. The server then returns the required webpage and its content. The method of information retrieval varies between static and dynamic websites.

Types of Websites:

1.     Static Website:

·        Web pages are prebuilt source code files using languages like HTML, CSS, or JavaScript.

·        Content is not processed on the server during user interaction.

·        Fast and cost-effective, with no server-side processing for different languages.

2.     Dynamic Website:

·        Web pages are processed during runtime based on user demand.

·        Built using server-side scripting languages like PHP, Node.js, or ASP.NET.

·        Allows updates and interaction with databases, albeit slower than static websites.

·        Preferred for ease of updates and common changes reflecting across all web pages.

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